Breed Standard
Breed Standard
General Appearance
Active, graceful and well balanced, with gentle expression.

Sporting, affectionate, absolutely fearless.

Gay, friendly, non-aggressive; no tendency to nervousness.

Head and Skull
Skull almost flat between ears. Stop shallow. Length from base of stop to
tip of nose about 3.8 cms (11/2 ins). Nostrils black and well developed without
flesh marks, muzzle well tapered. Lips well developed but not pendulous. Face well filled below eyes.
Any tendency to snipiness undesirable.

Large, dark, round but not prominent; spaced well apart.

Long, set high, with plenty of feather.

Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth c
losely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Moderate length, slightly arched.

Chest moderate, shoulders well laid back; straight legs moderately boned.

Short-coupled with good spring of rib. Level back.

Legs with moderate bone; well turned stifle – no tendency to cowhocks or sickle-hocks.

Compact, cushioned and well feathered.

Length of tail in balance with body, well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back.
Docking optional. If docked, no more than one-third to be removed.

Free-moving and elegant in action, plenty of drive from behind. Forelegs and hindlegs move
parallel when viewed from in front and behind.

Long, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Plenty of feathering. Totally free from trimming.

Color Recognized colors are:
Black and Tan: raven black with tan markings above the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest and
legs and underside of tail.
Tan should be bright. White marks undesirable.
Ruby: whole colored rich red. White markings undesirable.
Blenheim: rich chestnut markings well broken up, on pearly white ground. Markings evenly divided on head,
leaving room between ears for much valued lozenge mark or spot (a unique characteristic of the breed).
Tricolour: black and white well spaced, broken up, with tan markings over eyes, cheeks, inside ears, inside legs,
and on underside of tail.
Any other color or combination of colors highly undesirable.

Weight: 5.4-8.2 kgs (12-18 lbs). A small, well balanced dog well within these weights desirable.

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with
which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

September 2000

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Toy Group
AKC Breed Standard

General Appearance

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active, graceful, well-balanced toy spaniel, very gay and free in action; fearless and sporting in character, yet at the same time gentle and affectionate. It is this typical gay temperament, combined with true elegance and royal appearance which are of paramount importance in the breed. Natural appearance with no trimming, sculpting or artificial alteration is essential to breed type.

Size, Proportion, Substance

Size - Height 12 to 13 inches at the withers; weight proportionate to height, between 13 and 18 pounds. A small, well balanced dog within these weights is desirable, but these are ideal heights and weights and slight variations are permissible. Proportion - The body approaches squareness, yet if measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, is slightly longer than the height at the withers. The height from the withers to the elbow is approximately equal to the height from the elbow to the ground. Substance - Bone moderate in proportion to size. Weedy and coarse specimens are to be equally penalized.


Proportionate to size of dog, appearing neither too large nor too small for the body. Expression - The sweet, gentle, melting expression is an important breed characteristic. Eyes - Large, round, but not prominent and set well apart; color a warm, very dark brown; giving a lustrous, limpid look. Rims dark. There should be cushioning under the eyes which contributes to the soft expression. Faults - small, almond-shaped, prominent, or light eyes; white surrounding ring. Ears - Set high, but not close, on top of the head. Leather long with plenty of feathering and wide enough so that when the dog is alert, the ears fan slightly forward to frame the face. Skull - Slightly rounded, but without dome or peak; it should appear flat because of the high placement of the ears. Stop is moderate, neither filled nor deep. Muzzle - Full muzzle slightly tapered. Length from base of stop to tip of nose about 1 1/2 inches. Face well filled below eyes. Any tendency towards snipiness undesirable. Nose pigment uniformly black without flesh marks and nostrils well developed. Lips well developed but not pendulous giving a clean finish. Faults - Sharp or pointed muzzles. Bite - A perfect, regular and complete scissors bite is preferred, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square into the jaws. Faults - undershot bite, weak or crooked teeth, crooked jaws.

Neck, Topline, Body

Neck - Fairly long, without throatiness, well enough muscled to form a slight arch at the crest. Set smoothly into nicely sloping shoulders to give an elegant look. Topline - Level both when moving and standing. Body - Short-coupled with ribs well spring but not barrelled. Chest moderately deep, extending to elbows allowing ample heart room. Slightly less body at the flank than at the last rib, but with no tucked-up appearance. Tail - Well set on, carried happily but never much above the level of the back, and in constant characteristic motion when the dog is in action. Docking is optional. If docked, no more than one third to be removed.


Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight and well under the dog with elbows close to the sides. Pasterns strong and feet compact with well-cushioned pads. Dewclaws may be removed.


The hindquarters construction should come down from a good broad pelvis, moderately muscled; stifles well turned and hocks well let down. The hindlegs when viewed from the rear should parallel each other from hock to heel. Faults: cow or sickle hocks.


Of moderate length, silky, free from curl. Slight wave permissible. Feathering on ears, chest, legs and tail should be long, and the feathering on the feet is a feature of the breed. No trimming of the dog is permitted. Specimens where the coat has been altered by trimming, clipping, or by artificial means shall be so severly penalized as to be effectively eliminated from competition. Hair growing between the pads on the underside of the feet may be trimmed.


Blenheim - Rich chestnut markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the color evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes and ears, in the center of which may be the lozenge or "Blenheim spot". The lozenge is a unique and desirable, though not essential, characteristic of the Blenheim. Tricolor - Jet black markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be black and the color evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes. Rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside of tail. Ruby - Whole-colored rich red. Black and Tan - Jet black with rich, bright tan markings over eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs, and on underside of tail. Faults - Heavy ticking on Blenheims or Tricolors, white marks on Rubies or Black and Tans.


Free moving and elegant in action, with good reach in front and sound, driving rear action. When viewed from the side, the movement exhibits a good length of stride, and viewed from front and rear it is straight and true, resulting from straight-boned fronts and properly made and muscled hindquarters.


Gay, friendly, non-aggressive with no tendency towards nervousness or shyness. Bad temper, shyness, and meanness are not to be tolerated and are to be severely penalized as to effectively remove the specimen from competition

Approved Date: January 10, 1995
Effective Date: April 30, 1995

Did you know?

Date entered into Regular Classes: January 1, 1996

The true purpose of this breed has always been that of a companion dog.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the number one toy dog in England.

On January 1, 1996 it entered the ring as the 140th AKC-recognized breed.

The first Cavaliers were sent to America in 1952 by Lady Forwood as a gift.

So you want to own a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a happy dog that does well in either a city or country environment.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel interacts well with children.